Internet, mobile-based interventions help panic disorder
November 1, 2020, ULM, Germany—Internet and mobile-based interventions appear effective for adults with diagnosed panic disorder and/or agoraphobia, a new study suggests.
German researchers said up until now there’s been no comprehensive analysis looking at how effective those interventions are for adults diagnosed with those conditions, so they analyzed 16 studies involving more than 1,000 people and found internet and mobile-based interventions had beneficial effects on panic and agoraphobia symptom severity compared to just putting people on wait lists. The study also found the interventions were superior to putting people on wait lists regarding anxiety and depression symptom severity and quality of life.
Studies comparing those interventions to face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy and applied relaxation didn’t find significant differences in reductions in panic and agoraphobia symptom severity.
Before internet and mobile-based interventions can be included in treatment guidelines for panic disorder and agoraphobia, further high-quality research is needed, particularly regarding intervention safety, the authors said.
The study, which appeared in the Journal of Affective Disorders, was entitled “Are Internet- and mobile-based interventions effective in adults with diagnosed panic disorder and/or agoraphobia? A systematic review and meta-analysis.”
Group psychotherapy helpful for anxiety disorders
November 1, 2020, JENA, Germany—Group psychotherapy is effective for treating anxiety disorders, a new study has found.
Researchers with German and American credentials analyzed studies looking at group psychotherapy or alternate treatments for generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder and panic disorder.
They found group psychotherapy reduces specific symptoms of anxiety disorders better than no treatment, and treatments providing common, “unspecific treatment factors.” No significant differences were found compared to individual psychotherapy or medication.
The authors said the findings support the effectiveness of group psychotherapy for anxiety disorders.
The study, which appeared in the journal Psychotherapy Research, was entitled “Efficacy of group psychotherapy for anxiety disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.”
Higher rates of PTSD among women with very premature babies
October 1, 2020, BUENOS AIRES, Argentina—Mothers of premature babies, particularly babies born very premature, are at elevated risk of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder, a new study has found.
Researchers with Argentinian and Uruguayan credentials looked a new mothers of very low birth weight premature babies and found 44 per cent of the women had chronic post-traumatic stress disorder. The disorder was significantly more common among women with babies with the lowest birth weights, women with a lower level of education, among women whose babies had severe health problems and among women whose babies were born at or earlier than 28 weeks.
The study, which appeared in the journal Archivos Argentinos de Pediatria, was entitled “Chronic post-traumatic stress in mothers of very low birth weight preterm infants born before 32 weeks of gestation.”
Internet-based intervention helpful for anxiety symptom severity
September 16, 2020, ERLANGEN, Germany—An individually tailored, transdiagnostic, internet-based and mobile-supported intervention appears effective for helping people with anxiety disorders, a new study has found.
German, Swiss and Dutch researchers had people with generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, agoraphobia with and without panic disorder, or panic disorder alone—most of whom also had subclinical depression—take part in the seven-week pilot study.
The study found anxiety symptom severity and depressive symptoms improved significantly, and just over half of the people were no longer diagnosed as having an anxiety disorder. One of the hindering factors uncovered in the study was too little individualization and being overwhelmed by the content and pace of the study.
The authors said the next step should be evaluating the intervention with a randomized clinical trial, and said the treatment should emphasize individualization even more.
The study, which appeared in theJournal of Medical Internet Research, was entitled “User experience and effects of an individually tailored transdiagnostic internet-based and mobile-supported intervention for anxiety disorders: Mixed-methods study.”
Social anxiety, alcohol use disorder integrated treatment explored
September 8, 2020, SYDNEY, Australia—An integrated treatment for social anxiety and co-existing alcohol use disorder appears to help social anxiety symptoms, a new study has found.
Australian researchers, saying the study is the first to assess whether integrated treatment improves outcomes compared to standard alcohol-focused treatment, had people receive either treatment for alcohol use disorder only, or treatment targeting social anxiety disorder, alcohol use disorder and the connections between the two disorders.
The study found the integrated treatment enhances quality of life and improves social anxiety disorder symptoms, but not alcohol outcomes, compared to treatment focused on alcohol use disorder alone.
The study, which appeared in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry online ahead of print, was entitled “Randomised controlled trial of integrated cognitive behavioural treatment and motivational enhancement for comorbid social anxiety and alcohol use disorders.”
Enhanced primary care helps reduce ER visits October 1, 2020, CHAPEL HILL, NC—Integrating primary care services and behavioral health services appears to reduce emergency room visits among people with severe psychiatric conditions such as bipolar disorder, a new study suggests. American researchers, using the customary term “serious mental illness,” noted that individuals with such conditions...
At-risk kids may have dysregulated coping mechanisms December 1, 2020, RIZE, Turkey—A new study has found distinct psychological features among children at high risk for bipolar disorder due to observable symptoms or family history. The Turkish study compared high-risk kids to children without risk factors. They found the high-risk kids were less likely to suppress...
Continued from “The History of Bipolar: Through the Ages—It’s Been There“ As the labels for psychiatric disorders evolved and changed, so, too, did the range of treatments for those with bipolar disorder, says Dr. Gardenswartz. She points to the use of sedatives and barbiturates prior to the 1950s; patients were also institutionalized to separate them...
Selena Gomez is no stranger to navigating mental health challenges, from dealing with the emotional burden of lupus to her kidney transplant to bipolar’s depression and anxiety. She’s learned the power of self-care and having the right connections—and how to say “no.” On April 3, 2020, singer and actor Selena Gomez candidly revealed that she...